Shakespeare’s works always possessed a tinge of subtlety which was a double-edged sword. It beautified his writing prowess yet it also led to conflicting interpretations of his work. Several critics argue that Othello contains slurs of racist jargon which were prevalent in that society. Although it shows the helplessness of black men, it consistently shows the West as the beacon of rationality and the East as its irrational counterpart. Turks were not considered to be of equal mental ability and devoid of humane mannerisms in the eyes of the European characters, and arguably, in Shakespeare’s. His critics include . Bradley and Anthony Gilbert.
Analysts have estimated the number of legal positions in Othello is at most 10 28 , and it has a game-tree complexity of approximately 10 58 .  Mathematically, Othello still remains unsolved . Experts have not absolutely resolved what the outcome of a game will be where both sides use perfect play . However, analysis of thousands of high quality games (most of them computer-generated) appears to lead to a reliable conclusion (pending actual proof if true) that, on the standard 8×8 board, perfect play on both sides results in a draw.  When generalizing the game to play on an n × n board, the problem of determining if the first player has a winning move in a given position is PSPACE-complete .  On 4×4 and 6×6 boards under perfect play, the second player wins.  The first of these proofs is relatively trivial , and the second dates to around 1990.