Longer essays may also contain an introductory page that defines words and phrases of the essay's topic. Most academic institutions require that all substantial facts, quotations, and other porting material in an essay be referenced in a bibliography or works cited page at the end of the text. This scholarly convention helps others (whether teachers or fellow scholars) to understand the basis of facts and quotations the author uses to support the essay's argument and helps readers evaluate to what extent the argument is supported by evidence, and to evaluate the quality of that evidence. The academic essay tests the student's ability to present their thoughts in an organized way and is designed to test their intellectual capabilities.
In the myth retold by William Russell, plot is expressed. In this myth, the narrator shows that in a true friendship, one should be willing to give up oneвЂ™s life for another. The myth tells of three characters, Damon, Pythais, and Dionysius. Everyone in Syracuse views Damon and Pythais as a model of a true friendship since they are loyal, noble, and devoted to each other. These friends are so loyal to each other that one day when Pythais is held captive by Dionysius; Damon agrees to take PythaisвЂ™s place in captivity while he runs some errands. Dionysius says if Pythais is not back at a certain time, Damon will be executed in his place. Dionysius says that Damon has made a foolish mistake because he knows that Pythais would not