Similarly, the term “scientific journal articles” is also commonplace in the everyday life of a doctoral student. The research community describes a manuscript as a “scientific work” based on the fact that a scientific research project is primarily meant to discover and report new knowledge, follow a logical sequence, be drafted in an ordinary fashion, be published in a peer-reviewed journal, and be intended to communicate with the scientific community. Clearly, an unpublished work cannot be treated as a scientific work. Scientific work includes research articles, literature reviews, case reports or studies, short communications, and editorials among others.
Virginia and William connected with parents in Westminster, El Modena, and Garden Grove and filed Mendez et al v. Westminster School District , which helped to end school segregation in California. But scholars shamefully ignored the story of Virginia and her husband for decades, focusing instead—if they ever bothered to pay attention to the case—on only the Mendez family and relegating the contributions of the other familias to their last names. I wrote about this brown-washing of history back in 2009 , and nearly a decade later, there's still no public monument at Fremont Elementary (which is now a different campus because the school Virginia and Billy attended was demolished during the 1970s ) or anywhere in Santa Ana that marks the Guzman's contributions to history.
In the Philippines, an academic thesis is named by the degree, such as bachelor/undergraduate thesis or masteral thesis. However, in Philippine English , the term doctorate is typically replaced with doctoral (as in the case of "doctoral dissertation"), though in official documentation the former is still used. The terms thesis and dissertation are commonly used interchangeably in everyday language yet it generally understood that a thesis refers to bachelor/undergraduate and master academic work while a dissertation is named for doctorate work.