Concerning this region, Huntington departs from Kitsikis contending that a civilizational fault line exists between the two dominant yet differing religions ( Eastern Orthodoxy and Sunni Islam ), hence a dynamic of external conflict. However, Kitsikis establishes an integrated civilization comprising these two peoples along with those belonging to the less dominant religions of Shia Islam , Alevism , and Judaism . They have a set of mutual cultural, social, economic and political views and norms which radically differ from those in the West and the Far East.
“ No paradigm ,” Huntington himself reminds us, “ is good forever . The Cold War model of world politics was useful and relevant for forty years but became obsolete in the late 1980s, and at some point the civilizational paradigm will suffer a similar fate.” We’ve long since passed that point — the clash of civilizations approach simply does not add value in the present debate. It lulls us into thinking that international conflicts are simple and straightforward. Even worse, it fundamentally misleads us about the causes of violence, the motivations of actors, and the prospects for peace.