The second way one uses the word "thesis" is in reference to a major paper that one writes as a capstone for his or her bachelor's or master's degree. Whereas term papers are projects that last one term, theses are projects that last several terms. Theses are usually much, much longer than term papers, often stretching past two hundred pages. Perhaps counterintuitively, however, theses often cover much more specialized topics than term papers. For example, one may write a term paper on Herman Melville for a literature survey course, but one would be much more likely to write a thesis on homosexual symbolism in Herman Melville's Moby Dick or on some other extremely specific aspect of one of Melville's novels. In fact, one could write an entire thesis on a single paragraph of Moby Dick . The goal of a thesis is to expound fully one's opinion on a given subject and to confront and exhaust all the opposition to that opinion. Therefore, one usually specializes his or her thesis topic almost to the point of absurdity.
Be sure to choose only the arguments you will be able to illustrate and develop in your essay. Feel free to revisit your thesis statement and rewrite it while you work on your paper and want to add or change something. If you decide to use the thesis statement suggested above, you will need to write one paragraph discussing a relationship between literacy of population and economic development of the country. Another paragraph should shed light on the current situation in Africa. Try to find the latest stats on education and economy in Africa. Numbers often speak louder than words when you need to illustrate your point and to persuade readers to share your position. The third paragraph should address the question of humanitarian aid and the attitude of the locals to it. Finally, make sure to repeat your thesis statement in the conclusion part, but use different wording.