Introduces chemical principles and applies them to environmental issues. Covers the fundamental principles, concepts, and language of general, organic, inorganic, and biochemistry. Addresses topics associated with matter/energy, nuclear chemistry, air and water quality, and wastes. Laboratories will include sampling, analysis, and generation of statistically-valid data while preparing students to think like environmental scientists. Environmental Sustainability Designation: Course content related to the study of sustainable development.
In 1947, India became independent of British rule. A group of six artists - K. H. Ara , S. K. Bakre , H. A. Gade , . Husain , . Raza and Francis Newton Souza - founded the Bombay Progressive Artists' Group in the year 1952, to establish new ways of expressing India in the post-colonial era. Though the group was dissolved in 1956, it was profoundly influential in changing the idiom of Indian art. Almost all India's major artists in the 1950s were associated with the group. Some of those who are well-known today are Bal Chabda, Manishi Dey , V. S. Gaitonde, Krishen Khanna , Ram Kumar , Tyeb Mehta , K. G. Subramanyan , A. Ramachandran , Devender Singh , Akbar Padamsee, John Wilkins , Himmat Shah and Manjit Bawa .  Present-day Indian art is varied as it had been never before. Among the best-known artists of the newer generation include Bose Krishnamachari and Bikash Bhattacharya . Another prominent Pakistani modernist was Ismail Gulgee , who after about 1960 adopted an abstract idiom that combines aspects of Islamic calligraphy with an abstract expressionist (or gestural abstractionist ) sensibility.